*A priest briefly places it on his head, says a prayer and then wears it on his shoulders
**Prayer said: "Make me white, O Lord, and purify my heart, so that being made white in the Blood of the Lamb, I may deserve an eternal reward."
*Worn when the priest goes to and from the altar in the Tridentine Rite
*Ridges on the top are for convenience in removing it
*There is no particular meaning or symbolism, and it is not a formal 'vestment'
*Popes since Pope Paul VI have not worn the tiara
***Prayer: “Receive the tiara adorned with three crowns and know that thou art Father of princes and kings, Ruler of the world, Vicar of our Savior Jesus Christ”
*A design of Oriental (Persia/Assyrian) origin; general use @ AD 1100
*The two points symbolize the Old and New Testaments of which the bishop is teacher
*Worn by the Pope, bishops and cardinals
*From Latin 'crocia' ('crook or bend')
*An ornate version of the shepherd's staff from the 5th century
*Symbolizes the guiding and restraining authority of the bishop as shepherd of the flock of God
i. Humeral Veil
*From Latin 'humerus' or 'shoulder'
*Worn by the priest when carrying/giving Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament
*Formerly worn by the priest carrying viaticum and the subdeacon when handling sacred vessels