So our Mass goes back, without essential change, to the age when it first developed out of the oldest liturgy of all. It is still redolent of that liturgy, of the days when Cæsar ruled the world and thought he could stamp out the faith of Christ, when our fathers met together before dawn and sang a hymn to Christ as to a God. The final result of our enquiry is that, in spite of unsolved problems, in spite of later changes, there is not in Christendom another rite so venerable as ours. ~Fortescue
Below are pictures and some information about the
great Spanish Cardinal: His Most Rev.
Eminence Pedro Crisólogo Segura y Sáenz. Born on 4 December 1880; he died on 8 April 1957. He served as Archbishop of Toledo
from 1927 to 1931, and Archbishop of Seville from 1937 until his death.
“A man of
integral character, of a traditionalist (ultraconservative) position, and of a
(He thought that Franco's government was too
soft on non-Catholic sects and criticized the government for trying to declare
all religions as equal).
“A man of
great rectitude, strong character, an intransigent Catholic, opposed to fascism
and without diplomatic tact, it is said that ‘he only bowed down before the
“Hombre de gran rectitud, fuerte carácter, católico
intransigente, opuesto al fascismo y sin tacto diplomático, se ha dicho de él
que ‘solo inclinó su frente ante el Papa.’"
embarrassed Franco a couple of times. On one occasion, at a special dinner at
which Franco, his wife, and Cardinal Segura were invited, Franco, as the
head of State, occupied the first place. The second place, however, was given
to Franco's wife, and not to Cardinal Segura. The Cardinal demanded that the
second place be given to him, as is proper, because he is a Cardinal of
the Roman Church, and he would only give up that second place to Franco's wife
if she were a queen or the heir to the throne, which she was not.
“Undoubtedly, he was a man of virtue, very
pious –organizer of missions—but very fanatic, hard-headed, and with positions
that gave the Republic—and Rome—headaches.”
He gave Franco headaches by maintaining the
rigid (iron-like) intolerance of a medieval Bishop in the ruling of his diocese
(he did not allow Franco to enter churches --or go in procession--
under a canopy because he was not the king) by proscribing unnecessary pass-times,
forbidding services in towns where inappropriate dances (too close to each
other) were permitted, and by demanding a strict asceticism.
Because Cardinal Segura wanted and believed in
a theocracy (the Catholic Faith being the one the State accepts and confesses),
he was usually referred to as “un Bonifacio VIII a la Española” (the Spanish
* (Above and below) Procession of the Most Blessed Sacrament. *
Picture of Cardinal Segura being expelled from Spain by the
government for his public and very outspoken criticisms of Franco's regime.
reported on May 8, 1931 – “The Spanish republic tonight asked for the scalp of
the primate of Spain, Pedro Cardinal Segura, archbishop of Toledo.” “… and he must
be recalled ‘urgently,’ the minister of justice said.” All that simply because
Cardinal Segura called for the election of deputies who will “defend and
guarantee the rights of the Church.”
Cardinal Segura in 1954.
He was exiled a couple of times; He did not see
eye to eye with the Republican government since he wanted a theocracy; he did
not see eye to eye with Franco and his dictatorship - he opposed the privilege
of the Canopy for Franco; he did not see eye to eye with all
the Bishops/Cardinals in Spain because they did not always actively
opposed errors and injustices; he did not see eye to eye with everyone in the
Roman Curia. He did not like Protestantism either, and he was friends with
Notice the WHITE Vestments (even though black
is the color for Requiem Masses and services) used for the funeral! It is (or
was) an ancient custom to use white vestments for the funeral offices for the
Archbishops of Sevilla. (One cannot argue with tradition!).
* Funeral procession
He was very devoted to the Most Sacred Heart of